The pituitary is an important gland in the body and it is often referred to as the master gland because it controls several of the other hormone glands eg adrenals thyroid it is usually about the size of a pea and consists of two parts often called lobes a front part called the anterior pituitary and a back part called the posterior pituitary. The pituitary gland is a small pea sized gland that plays a major role in regulating vital body functions and general wellbeing it is referred to as the bodys master gland because it controls the activity of most other hormone secreting glands. Pituitary gland an endocrine gland located at the base of the brain in a small recess of the sphenoid bone called the sella turcicait is attached by the hypophyseal stalk to the hypothalamus and is divided into an anterior lobe the adenohypophysis and a posterior lobe the neurohypophysis which differ in embryological function and origincalled also hypophysis
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