When parathyroid glands go bad it is just one gland that goes bad about 91 of the time it just grows big develops a benign tumor and makes too much hormone about 8 of the time people with hyperparathyroidism will have two bad glands. The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands located in the neck that control the bodys calcium levels each gland is about the size of a grain of rice weighs approximately 30 milligrams and is 3 4 millimeters in diameter the parathyroids produce a hormone called parathyroid hormone pth. Most people have four pea sized glands called parathyroid glands on the thyroid gland in the neck though their names are similar the thyroid and parathyroid glands are completely different the parathyroid glands make parathyroid hormone pth which helps your body keep the right balance of calcium and phosphorous. The sole purpose of the parathyroid glands is to control calcium within the blood in a very tight range between 85 and 105 in doing so parathyroid glands also control how much calcium is in the bones and therefore how strong and dense the bones are
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