In muhammad and the believers at the origins of islam 2010 fred donner advances a sweeping thesis namely that muhammad and the early muslims did not view islam as a religious confession distinct from judaism and christianity and perhaps even zoroastrianism and that islam was not conceived as a distinct confession by muslims until the umayyad period. The origins of islam have been the subject of increasing controversy in recent years the traditional view which presents islam as a self consciously distinct religion tied to the life and revelations of the prophet muhammad in western arabia has since the 1970s been challenged by historians engaged in critical study of the muslim sources. In muhammad and the believers the eminent historian fred donner offers a lucid and original vision of how islam first evolved he argues that the origins of islam lie in what we may call the believers movement begun by the prophet muhammad a movement of religious reform emphasizing strict monotheism and righteous behavior in conformity . Ideas that shaped our modern world muhammad and the origins of islam according to prof donner in muhammad and the believers the community of believers strove to live a pious life they saw this life as a preparation in a sense for the last day or day of judgment it should be lived in obedience to gods word as now laid out in the . Can use to reconstruct this period in the history of the community sources the quran continues to be an important source for the history of likes of abu sufyan chief muhammad and the believers the believers com the expansion of the community of believers muhammad and the believers the the the
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